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02/Oct/2022

In this post, Slokas From Gita (Nos.21-22)(Ch.2), the text of Bhagavat Gita narrated. Slokas From Gita (Nos.21-22)(Ch.2) consists of the 20th Slokas of CH.2. Observing the Army on the Battlefield of Kurukshetra from the Gita. 

 

Bhagavad Gita or Gitopanisad is one of the most important Upanishad. Bhagavad Gita is the philosophy of life narrated and explained by Lord Krsna to his devotee and friend Arjuna.

Gita (Nos.21-22)(Ch.2)

21

Gita (Nos.21-22)(Ch.2)

vedavinasinam nityam
ya enam ajam avyayam
katham sa purusah partha
kam ghatayati hanti kam

 

 

O Partha, when one knows that the soul is immortal, indestructible, cannot be reborn, eternal, how can he kill a person or cause anyone to kill?

 

Everything has its right utility, and a person who’s located in whole knowledge is aware of how and wherein to use a thing for its right utility. Similarly, violence also has its utility, and a way to observe violence rests with the individual in knowledge. Although the justice of the peace awards capital punishment to a person condemned for murder, the justice of the peace can not be blamed due to the fact he orders violence against any other individual in line with the codes of justice.

Mahavarata

In Manu-Samhita, the lawbook for mankind, it supported that an assassin ought to be condemned to demise so that in his subsequent life he’s going to now no longer should suffer for the great sin he has committed. Therefore, the king’s punishment of hanging an assassin is surely beneficial.

Similarly, while Krsna orders fighting, it needs to be concluded that violence for ultimate justice, and, as such, Arjuna ought to observe the instruction, understanding well that such violence, committed withinside the act of fighting for Krsna. No violence in any respect due to the fact, at any rate, the man, or rather the soul, can not be destructed; so so-called violence is justified.

Surgery not intended to kill the patient, however, to cure him. Therefore, the fighting to be carried out by Arjuna on the instruction of Krsna with complete knowledge, so there’s no possibility of a sinful reaction.

 

22

Gita (Nos.21-22)(Ch.2)

vasamsi jirnani yatha vihaya
navani grhnati naro ‘parani
tatha sarirani vihaya jirnany
anyani samyati navani dehi

 

The soul changes the old and useless body and is absorbed in a new material body, similar to we discard an old cloth and using a new one.

 

 

Change of body through the atomic one soul is a well-known fact. Even a number of the present-day scientists who do now no longer accept as true the existence of the soul, however on the same time can’t give an explanation for the source of strength from the heart, must accept continuous adjustments of the body which seem from childhood to boyhood and from boyhood to adolescents and once more from adolescents to old age.

From old age, the extrude  transferred to any other body. This already defined in the preceding verse.

Krsna and Arjuna

 

Transference of the atomic individual soul to any other body  made feasible by the grace of the Supersoul. The Supersoul fulfills the choice of the atomic soul as one friend fulfills the choice of any other.

This can be explained this way by the soul and the Supersoul to two birds sitting at the same tree.

While one of them (the single atomic soul) is eating the fruit of the tree, and the other bird (Krsna) is observing His friend. Of those birds—even though they’re the same in quality—one captivated through the fruits of the material tree, at the same time as the other simply witnessing the activities of His friend. Krsna is the witnessing bird, and Arjuna the consuming bird.

 

Although they’re friends, one continues to be the master and the other is the servant. Forgetfulness of this relationship by the atomic soul is the reason for one’s converting his position from one tree to any other or from one body to any other. The jiva soul is suffering very hard at the tree of the material body, however, as soon as he agrees to simply accept the alternative bird because the supreme religious master—as Arjuna agreed to do by voluntary give up unto Krsna for instruction—the subordinate bird at once turns into free from all lamentations. Both the Katha Upanisad and Svetasvatara Upanisad affirm this:

samane vrkse puruso nimagno

‘nisaya socati muhyamanah

justam yada pasyaty anyam isam asya

mahimanam iti vita-sokah

 

“Although the two birds withinside the same tree, the eating bird  completely engrossed with tension and moroseness because of the enjoyer of the fruits of the tree.

But if in a few ways or other he turns his face to his friend who’s the Lord and is aware of His glories—immediately the struggling bird turns into free from all anxieties.” Arjuna has now turned his face toward his eternal friend, Krsna, and is understanding the Bhagavad-gita from Him.

 

And thus, listening to Krsna, he can understand the excellent glories of the Lord and be free from lamentation.

 

Arjuna suggested herewith by the Lord now no longer to lament for the bodily change of his old grandfather and his teacher. He has to rather be satisfied to kill their bodies in the righteous battle in order that they will be cleansed immediately of all reactions from numerous bodily activities.

 

One who lays down his life at the sacrificial altar, or withinside the proper battlefield, is immediately cleansed of bodily reactions and promoted to a better status of life. So, there has been no reason for Arjuna’s lamentation.

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