Before we start talking about Dakhineswar Kali Temple, let us try to find the answer to a few pertinent questions. Who is Dakhineswar? What is the real name of the place Dakhineswar? Why was the temple built here? What is the origin of the building of twelve Shiva temples, and what is the origin of the idea of building the nabaratna category Dakhineswar Kali Temple of Ma Kali? Who found the confluence of three spiritual philosophies Shiva-Shakta-Vaishnav? How it is a Mahatirtha?
If we can explain these questions, the importance of Dakhineswar Kali Temple could be realized.
Approximately three hundred years before, Deulipota a place on the eastern bank of the Ganga River at the end of the plot of the land where Dakhineswar Kali Temple now situated. The family of the King of the place King Ban had their palace there at Deulipota. King Ban established a Shivalinga (Shiva Temple) in a village within his kingdom named Shonitpur and renamed the village Dakhineswar. Lord Shiva thus became Dakhineswar.
After the death of Ban King, the temple destroyed and the forest encroached on the area. No human inhabitant there except a few huts of fishermen. Durgaprosad Roychoudhury and Bhabaniprosad Roychoudhury, from the family of Saborna Roychoudhury, came here. They cleaned the area, arranged human settlement here. They brought a few families of Brahmins and helped them to settle here.
A large area of the eastern side of the Ganga River belonged to the British. The area in the control of an Englishman named John Hastie. The southern part of the land like the back of a tortoise. According to the rule of tantra, a cemetery on this type of land the best place to establish a place for shakti and pursuit.
On the southern side of the land, there was a Kuthibari. The residence of John Hastie. The circular platform (bedi) where Sri Ramkrishna pursued here. It known from the history that Nilkar Saheb (refers to the notorious indigo Agri policy by the British) used to stay at the Kuthibari some two hundred years back.