05/Aug/2022

The 9 entrances to the Nataraj Temple Chidambaram temple, which is based on the human body, represent the 9 gates in the human body.

The golden roof of the plane is covered with 21,600 gold plates, which indicates that man breathes an average of 21,600 times a day (15*60*24 =21,600).

72,000 gold nails are used to fasten these 21,600 plates, and this number 72,000 represents the total number of nadis (nerves) in the human body, including the energy supply to many parts of the body that are not visible to the eye.

In Thirumandra, “Thirumoolar” is Shivalinga in human form, that is Chidambaram, that is Satasivam, that is his dance. Thirumoolar says that man represents the image of Lord Shiva. This is the Sadasivam Pratishta representing Chidambaram.

The “Ponnambalam” is slightly inclined to the left side, which represents the heart in our body. To reach this place, one has to climb five steps, these steps are called “Panchachara Padi” which means the five letters “C, Va, Ya, Na, Ma”. The “Kanakasabha” comes from the side instead of a straight path like in other temples. To bear this Kanaka Sabha


06/Jul/2022

According to Hindu mythology, Kamdev established the Kamakhya temple[1]. Relationships that prevail between time and creation are that time destroys everything. So, the temple too  destroyed in course of time. There is a mythological story. That explains the relationships that existed between the decaying of the temple and Maha Muni Bashisto Dev.

It is written in the Kalika Puran[2] that Maha Muni Bashisto Dev used to stay at Sandhyachal Hills. The land of Kamrup ruled by Narakashur at that time. One day, Bashisto Dev came to the Kamakhya temple to see Devi Kamakhya. The relationships that existed between them were not good. Narakashur prevented him to see Devi Kamakhya for some reason.

In the eighth century, Shankaracharya[3], as a part of his promotional outreach for Hinduism[4], came here and rebuild the temple after cleaning up the forest. He re-established the Maha Pith.  Though the temple  constructed, Devi Kamakhya did not become popular among common Hindus. Relationships that developed between people and the temple were not enough intimate.

Relationships between
बीच संबंध: छवि -बामाखेपा

In the year 1150, King Dharmapala of the Pala dynasty was ruling the west of Guwahati. He arranged the puja of Devi Kamakhya and for that, he appointed a few Brahmins and brought them from Kanyakubja. But puja  stopped after some time again.  The temple destroyed again after some passage of time.

King of Coachbehar Biswa Singha [5], invaded Kamrup to fight against King of Ahom. That was 1490. Once he along with his brother Shib Singha went on a night war expedition. He had their troop with him. But somehow, he and his brother lost touch with their troop. He lost his way and was trying to return on foot. At that time, he found himself in Kamakhya Hill.

 


23/Jun/2022

Before we start talking about Dakhineswar Kali Temple, let us try to find the answer to a few pertinent questions. Who is Dakhineswar? What is the real name of the place Dakhineswar? Why was the temple built here? What is the origin of the building of twelve Shiva temples, and what is the origin of the idea of building the nabaratna category Dakhineswar Kali Temple of Ma Kali? Who found the confluence of three spiritual philosophies Shiva-Shakta-Vaishnav? How it is a Mahatirtha?

If we can explain these questions, the importance of Dakhineswar Kali Temple could be realized.

Dakhineswar Kali Temple
Ma Bhabatarini

Approximately three hundred years before, Deulipota a place on the eastern bank of the Ganga River at the end of the plot of the land where Dakhineswar Kali Temple now situated. The family of the King of the place King Ban had their palace there at Deulipota. King Ban established a Shivalinga (Shiva Temple) in a village within his kingdom named Shonitpur and renamed the village Dakhineswar.  Lord Shiva thus became Dakhineswar.

After the death of Ban King, the temple destroyed and the forest encroached on the area. No human inhabitant there except a few huts of fishermen. Durgaprosad Roychoudhury and Bhabaniprosad Roychoudhury, from the family of Saborna Roychoudhury, came here. They cleaned the area, arranged human settlement here. They brought a few families of Brahmins and helped them to settle here.

A large area of the eastern side of the Ganga River belonged to the British. The area in the control of an Englishman named John Hastie. The southern part of the land like the back of a tortoise. According to the rule of tantra, a cemetery on this type of land the best place to establish a place for shakti and pursuit.

On the southern side of the land, there was a Kuthibari. The residence of John Hastie. The circular platform (bedi) where Sri Ramkrishna pursued here. It  known from the history that Nilkar Saheb (refers to the notorious indigo Agri policy by the British) used to stay at the Kuthibari some two hundred years back.

 


23/Jun/2022

According to Hindu mythology, Kamdev established the Kamakhya temple[1]. Relationships that prevail between time and creation are that time destroys everything. So, the temple too was destroyed in course of time. There is a mythological story. That explains the relationships that existed between the decaying of the temple and Maha Muni Bashisto Dev.

It is written in the Kalika Puran[2] that Maha Muni Bashisto Dev used to stay at Sandhyachal Hills. The land of Kamrup was ruled by Narakashur at that time. One day, Bashisto Dev came to the Kamakhya temple to see Devi Kamakhya. The relationships that existed between them were not good. Narakashur prevented him to see Devi Kamakhya for some reason.

Bashisto Dev got angry with Narakashur, and he cursed Narakashur that so long he will be alive, Devi Kamakhya will be invisible. So, Devi went invisible then. The temple remained empty. Forest engulfed the place after some time.

In the eighth century, Shankaracharya[3], as a part of his promotional outreach for Hinduism[4], came here and rebuild the temple after cleaning up the forest. He re-established the Maha Pith.  Though the temple was constructed, Devi Kamakhya did not become popular among common Hindus. Relationships that developed between people and the temple were not enough intimate.

In the year 1150, King Dharmapala of the Pala dynasty was ruling the west of Guwahati. He arranged the puja of Devi Kamakhya and for that, he appointed a few Brahmins and brought them from Kanyakubja. But puja was stopped after some time again.  The temple was destroyed again after some passage of time.

King of Coachbehar Biswa Singha [5], invaded Kamrup to fight against King of Ahom. That was 1490. Once he along with his brother Shib Singha went on a night war expedition. He had their troop with him. But somehow, he and his brother lost touch with their troop. He lost his way and was trying to return on foot. At that time, he found himself in Kamakhya Hill.

The two brothers were thirsty, hungry, and tired. They were walking and looking for water. Suddenly, they saw a stream of bright light under a banyan tree. They found an old lady worshipping a piece of stone. Though they did not understand the accord between the stone and the old lady, they were delighted. That old lady helped them to a spring to drink water. Asked them to take a rest under the banyan tree.

Biswa Singha asked the old lady, whom she was worshiping in the stone. The old lady said that the tribes of these hills had a tie with the stone and worship the stone as Devi and believe that all their hardship can be overcome easily by the grace of Devi. The tribes sacrifice their domestic animals to the Devi and wish for anything they need. They were satisfied that they got everything they wish for.

King Biswa Singha was overwhelmed and believed what the old lady said. He prayed to the Devi and wished for a trouble-free kingdom and also wished to meet his lost troop. He promised to the Devi to build a golden temple and an arrangement of daily worshipping subject to fulfillment of his wishes.

He threw his ring in the stream and thought if he would get his ring back in the Ganga River at Kashi, he would doubtlessly believe the greatness of the Devi.

He surprisingly found his troop the next morning. His kingdom became thornless now. He became busy with the administrative work of his kingdom and forgot his promise of building the temple at Kamakhya Hill.

A few years later, he went to Kashi and astonishingly found his ring in the Ganga. He now remembered his promise. Back home, he told his whole story to the pandits. They researched Puranas and other books and concluded that the piece of stone was nothing but the vagina of Devi Kamakhya. They concluded that it was from Sati’s body, one part of fifty-one pieces. So, Kamakhya was a Maha Pith out of fifty-one Piths. Relationships that were established by the Pandits were of Sati Pith and Kamakhya.

King Biswa Singha went back to Nilachal Hill[6]. He brought with him a large number of construction workers. They cleaned the forests and excavate the old temple and idol. The king constructed a new beautiful temple on the old foundation. He used some gold pieces in the construction. Daily worshipping of Devi Kamskhya was arranged.


23/Jun/2022

Mata vaishno-devi Temple, Jammu the holy shrine of the Divine Mother and is situated right in a beautiful, ancient cave excessive up at the sacred Trikoota Mountain. The Divine Mother rests at this location in the exalted shape of Vaishno Mata who’s believed to be an embodiment of Goddess Mahakali, Mahalakshmi, and Mahasaraswati. Mata vaishno-devi Temple, Jammu is held with utmost regard through the Shaktas (worshippers of God as Divine Mother), the pious and blessed shrine of Vaishno Mata one of the Shakti Peethas or home of ultimate strength in the Hindus.

The first mention of the Mother Goddess in the epic Mahabharata. When the armies of Pandavas and Kauravas arrayed on the battlefield of Kurukshetra, Arjuna the chief warrior of Pandavas upon the advice of Sri Krsna meditated upon the Mother Goddess and sought Her blessings for victory. At this time Arjuna addressed the Mother Goddess as ‘Jambookatak Chityaishu Nittyam Sannihitayale’, which means ‘you who always dwell in the temple on the slope of the mountain in Jamboo(probably referring to the present day Jammu).

 

Previously only one natural tunnel for in and out movement there for the cave. In 1977, a second tunnel  built for the devotees. In 1998, a third cave built. A smooth stone, or svarūpa, in the shrine, the physical manifestation of the Goddess. Mahāsarasvatī, Mahālakshmī and Mahākālī,. The three aspects of the goddess, manifested here. There are three-stone lumps called pindis.

 

The cave almost one hundred feet long and 5200 feet above sea level. Symbols of Hindu Gods and Goddesses fill the cave. Pilgrims greeted and surrounded by them as they enter. The devotees reached through a pool of water to the pindis,.  Water flows continuously out of the pindis and out of the cave.

 

माता वैष्णो देवी
माता वैष्णो देवी

Is Vaishno Devi Temple, Jammu a Shakti Peeth?

How the Vaishno Devi Temple, Jammu came into existence:

 

The temple of Mata vaishno-devi  built many centuries ago according to research carried out by geologists. Belief that Mata Vaishno Devi had a bodily form as a lovely princess in Treta Yuga as a Shakti of Mother Parvati, Saraswati and Lakshmi for the welfare of the universe. She carried out atonement in the cave on Trikuta Mountain. When the time came, her body merged into the stellar form of the three divine energies Mahakali, Mahalakshmi, and Mahasaraswati.

Of all of the famous stories of Mata vaishno-devi, the latest one is that of her keen devotee, Shridhar. Shridhar lived approximately seven centuries ago. Shridhar and his wife were great devotees to the Mother Goddess. Once, Shridhar received a divine instruction in his dream to arrange a Bhandara (public ceremonial dinner) in Her honor. Because of his poor economic condition, he failed to arrange enough groceries for the general public ceremonial dinner. He is concerned about the disgrace and guilt he will be subject to for failing to feed the visitors the subsequent day.

 


23/Jun/2022

Shree Saptashrungi Devi Temple

Shree Saptashrungi Devi Temple is situated near Nanduri village in Maharashtra, at a distance of 26 km from Vani and 65 km from Nashik in Kalwan Tahsil. The Shree Saptashrungi Devi Temple is at about 4660 feet above sea level, on a hill encircled by seven peaks.

There are three and a half places of Divine Power or Shakti Peeths in Maharashtra namely – the Mahalakshmi Temple at Kolhapur, Tulja Bhavani Temple at Tuljapur, Renuka Temple at Mahur (Matripur), and the Sapatashrungi Devi Temple of Vani. While the first three believed to be an abundant source of complete power, the Saptshrungi Temple considered as ardha or half Shaktipeeth. Saptshrungi means 7 Mountains. The figure of the Goddess about eight feet high, carved visible of the natural rock. She has eighteen hands, nine on each side, each hand holding different weapons. Saptashringa is a place where Goddess Bhagawati stays.

Shree Saptashrungi Devi Temple consists of two floors and the idol said to be swayambhu (self-manifested). She surrounded by seven peaks of mountain hence the name- Saptashrungi Mata (mother of the seven peaks).

Sindoor, an auspicious thing, covers the whole body of the idol.   Her eyes white shining brightly. A Trishula decorated with bells and lamps fixed in the courtyard in front of the Shree Saptashrungi Devi temple. The Devi  decorated with a high crown, a silver nose-ring, and necklaces.

A long time ago in Satya Yuga, Sati, wife of Lord Shiva, daughter of Daksha, attended a yagna (Joggya) performed by his father. Sati alias Parvati was not an invitee to that function, still, she attended. Her father, Daksha, never happy with her husband Lord Shiva because of his vagabond nature, but Parvati happy with his husband because she loved him. Daksha ignored totally Parvati’s presence in the function deliberately and used unpleasant words about Lord Shiva. All other Gods and distinguished dignitaries  present there, the incident in front of all deeply hurt and humiliated Parbati and she jumped into the fire of Yagna and sacrifice her life in protest of her husband Shiva’s insult by her father.


23/Jun/2022

Mahamaya Temple, Chhattisgarh situated at Devipur 4km away from Surajpur, around 25 km from Bilaspur. An architectural delight, Mahamaya Temple is one of the most famous and oldest temples. People from different places visit Mahamaya Temple, Chhattisgarh to worship and now it has become a major place of tourist attraction in Chhattisgarh.

The temple was built by the Kalchuri rulers in the 12th-13th cent. A.D. (The founder of the Kalachuri dynasty was Kokalla I.) Kalchuri King Ratnadev was the builder of this temple. This temple was dedicated to Mahamaya Devi which was the Kula Devi of the Kalchuri rulers of Ratanpur.  Ratnadev arrived here for the first time in Manipur village. The popular story is that the king was taking a rest under a tree when night fell. In mid-night, he woke up and saw a supernatural light under the tree and found Adi Shakti Mahamaya holding a meeting there. He lost consciousness then and there. He returned to his capital city of Tumman, but decided to make Ratanpur his capital.

This temple was modified by Kalchuri King Prthivideva II in the 15th Century AD.

Description:

It is believed that the guardian of the temple is Kalbhairva. The temple of Kalbhairva is a few kilometers away on the road that is taken to approach the Mahamaya Temple. The ruins of an 11th-century Kadeideol Shiva temple can be seen nearby.

One can also find temples of Lord Hanuman and Lord Shiva in the same complex dedicated to two Goddesses, Lakshmi and Saraswati. It is believed that originally the temple was built for 3 Goddesses Maha Kali, Maha Lakshmi, and Maha Saraswati. But the Goddess Maha Kal left this temple later.  Mahamaya Temple, Chhattisgarh is one of the 52 shaktipeeths, the shrines of the divine feminine representing Shakti.

There are a number of sacred ponds, kunds, and tanks surrounding the temple. The Bhikhma (derived from the name of Bhisma) tank is considered as river Jamuna, while the Dulahara tank is considered as sacred as the Ganga and local people call it Patal-Ganga. Lord Vishnu is symbolically connected with a big pond named Bairag-ban.


23/Jun/2022

Why Ramappa Temple Was Nominated As रामप्पा मंदिर को यूनेस्को की विश्व धरोहर स्थल के रूप में नामित क्यों किया गया था? (पं. I) World Heritage Site? (Pt. II) is a post on the great Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana, India or Ramappa Temple as popularly known. Why Ramappa Temple Was Nominated As Why Ramappa Temple Was Nominated As UNESCO World Heritage Site? (Pt. I) World Heritage Site? (Pt. I) allready published.

The great temple of Ramappa is situated near the small village of Palampet in the Mulug Taluk of the Warrangal District at a distance of about 65 kilometers North-west of Hanamkonda. It is set in a background of beautiful hills, luxuriant vegetation, and an abundance of water. The magnificent lake nearby covers an area of nearly thirteen square kilometers and is formed by a ring of hills on their sides with a colossal bund only on one side in the North, an excellent testimony to the care and skill of the Kakatiyas in irrigation works of a high order. (Dr. G. Yazdani says: “Warangal, the metropolis of this dynasty, abounds in magnificent tanks, and the titanic dykes and sluice-gate of Pakhal, Lakhnaram, and Ramappa lake are object lessons even to the modern engineer.”).

  1. Kakatiyan Dynasty:

It was an important center of the Kakatiyas, one of the major dynasties that ruled over the Deccan and shaped its history civilization, and culture.

 

  • History

A brief resume of the history of the Kakatiya dynasty will serve to explain the real significance of the architecture and sculpture of these temples.

The Kakatiyas have a place of honor among the ruling families of medieval Dekkan “by virtue of their numerous conquests, their vast empire, their liberal patronage of arts and letters, and the great fervor with which they defended Hindu culture and Hindu institutions against the repeated onslaughts of Islam.”


23/Jun/2022

A story of Ramappa Temple UNESCO nominated a world heritage site from Telangana, India. You may read part II of this article.

A brief resume of the history of the Kakatiya dynasty will serve to explain the real significance of the architecture and sculpture of these Ramappa Temple.

The Kakatiyas have a place of honor among the ruling families of medieval Dekkan “by virtue of their numerous conquests, their vast empire, their liberal patronage of arts and letters, and the great fervor with which they defended Hindu culture and Hindu institutions against the repeated onslaughts of Islam.”

The origin of the dynastic name Kakatiyas is quite obscure. According to some sources it is derived from a goddess by name, Kakati, (when the rulers worshipped), and according to others, from a town of that name. The earliest inscription of the Kakatiyas, so far discovered, is dated in Saka 1001 equal to A.D. 1079, although an inscription of the Western Calukyas of Vengi refers to a certain Kakartya Gunda, obviously one of their feudatories in the 10th Century, who seems to have been an early ancestor of this family. Starting as feudatories of the Eastern Calukyas of Vengi they seem to have passed into a similar position under another dynasty, namely the Western Calukyas of Kalyani, whom they served loyally until circumstances favored their rise in the last quarter of the 11th Century. The first three kings of this dynasty as given in the later inscriptions of the Kakatiyas are mere names; and the beginnings of the Kakatiya rule may be said to have commenced with Prola II who attacked his master Taila III of the Western Calukya dynasty of Kalyani